Three Kingdoms
Zhou Yu, 周瑜 (A.D.175 - 210) Wu Force military governor English Particular
 


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周瑜(公元175年-公元210年),字公瑾,东汉时庐江舒(今安徽省庐江县东南)人,中国三国时期吴国的著名将领。周瑜出生于江南的官宦士族家庭。曾祖周荣先后在汉章帝、汉和帝两朝任尚书令,从祖周景、从伯周忠皆官至太尉,位列三公,其父周异亦为洛阳令。《三国志》记载周瑜“长壮有姿貌”、“性度恢阔”。
Zhou Yu (A.D. 175 - 210), alias: Gong Jin, when Eastern Han Dynasty "Lu Jiang Shu"庐江舒 (s now Anhui "Lu Jiang Xian"庐江县) the person, the Chinese three countries times Wu Guo's renowned military officer. Zhou Yu is born to Chiangnan's officials goverment official family.

周瑜与孙策同年,十四岁时就结为好友。孙策在父亲孙坚死后,接掌其部队的领导权,东渡历阳(今安徽和县西北)入吴,周瑜起兵响应。据《三国志》记载,孙、周会师后,孙策说“吾得卿,谐也。”在随后的10年间,周瑜辅助孙策,在江南一带建立了根据地。
Zhou Yu and the grandson whips the age to be same, when 14 years old on knot for good friend. Sun Ce dies after father Sun Jian, met has held army's leadership, travels to the east the "Li Yang"历阳(now "Anhui"安徽 "He Xian"和县) enters Wu, Zhou Yu dispatches troops into battle to respond. In during the afterwards 10 years, the Zhou Yu auxiliary grandson whips, has established the base area Chiangnan.

公元200年,孙策遇刺,临终前嘱咐弟弟孙权:“外事不决问周瑜。”周瑜奔丧还吴与张昭一起共同辅佐孙权,并且举荐鲁肃等人,执掌军政大事。孙权十分信任周瑜,周瑜也为孙氏集团的壮大发展尽心尽力。
A.D. 200 years, the grandson horse whip runs into the assassin, just before the end front exhorts the younger brother grandson power: "On the army had the problem to ask Zhou Yu to take the attention." Zhou Yu rushes home for a relative's funeral illustriously returns to Wu Yuzhang together to assist the grandson power together, and recommends person and so on Lu Su, wields the military administration important matter. Sun Quan extremely trusts Zhou Yu, Zhou Yu also expands for Sun group the development to do one's best.

公元208年,曹操率大军南侵,大军压境之际,孙权的大臣们出现了主和、主战两派。周瑜回到孙权身边,分析敌我形势,力主抗敌。《三国志》记载:“不然。操虽托名汉相,其实汉贼也。将军以神武雄才,兼仗父兄之烈,割据江东,地方数千里,兵精足用,英雄乐业,尚当横行天下,为汉家除残去秽。况操自送死,而可迎之耶?请为将军筹之:今使北土已安,操无内忧,能旷日持久,来争疆场,又能与我校胜负于船楫,可乎?今北土既未平安,加韩遂尚在关西,为操后患。且舍鞍马,仗舟揖,与吴越争衡,本非中国所长。又今盛寒,马无藁草。驱中国士众远涉江湖之间,不习水土,必生疾病。此数四者,用兵之患也,而操皆冒行之。将军擒操,宜在今日。瑜请得精兵三万人,进住夏口,保为将军破之。”坚定了孙权主战的决心。孙权对周瑜说:“老贼欲废汉自立久矣,陡忌二袁、吕布、刘表与孤耳。今数雄已灭,惟孤尚存,孤与老贼,势不两立。君言当击,甚与孤台,此天以君授孤也。”在统一了主战意见后,周瑜积极备战,同时与刘备集团结成抗曹联盟。终于在赤壁之战中,大败曹军。为吴国的立国奠定了基础。
A.D. 208, Cao Cao leads south the army to invade time, the army threatens the border, Minister Sun Quan appeared have advocated peace, the main action two schools. Zhou Yu returns to the grandson power side, analyzes the enemy I the situation, advocated resists Cao Cao. Has strengthened the grandson power main action determination. After unified the main action opinion, Zhou Yu positively prepares for war, simultaneously forms the anti- Cao alliance with the Liu Bei group. Finally in Battle at the Red Wall, routs Cao Jun. Founded a nation for the Wu country's has laid the foundation.

公元210年,周瑜在赶回驻地江陵准备出征的路上生病卒于巴丘(今湖南岳阳),时年36岁。据《三国志》记载:临终前周瑜致信孙权“荐鲁肃以自代”。孙权阅信后说:“公瑾有王佐之才,今忽短命而死,孤何赖哉?既遗书特荐子敬,孤敢不从之?”周瑜死后墓葬于家乡安徽庐江城东侧。
A.D. 210 years, Zhou Yu in hurries back on the road which station Jiangling prepares to go to battle to fall ill died at Baqiu (now Hunan Yoyang), year only 36 years old. _ Zhou Yu die after grave to hometown Anhui Lujiang city east.

周瑜文武全才,心胸开阔,以德服人。《三国志》记载:“瑜少精意于音乐,虽三爵之后,其有阙误,瑜必知之,知之必顾。时人谣曰:‘曲有误,周郎顾。’”孙权虽然对周瑜十分信赖和倚重,视周瑜为兄长,但周瑜从不居功自傲,对孙权敬慎服事,完全按君臣之礼来对待。