Three Kingdoms
Sun Quan ,孙权 (A.D.182 - 252) Wu吴 Emperor English Particular
 


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孙权(182年—252年),字仲谋。222年在金陵称王,229年称帝,建立吴国,即东吴,史称孙吴。222年—252年在位。父孙坚,兄孙策。
Sun Quan (A.D.182 ——252), alias : "Zhong Mou". 222 years call the king in Jin Ling, 229 years proclaim oneself emperor, found the Wu, namely east Wu, Shi Cheng "Sun Wu". 222 years —— 252 years reign. The father Sun Jian, brother "Sun Ce".

孙权15岁被举为孝廉、秀才,任阳羡(今江苏宜兴)长,代行奉义校尉,随父兄征战。
The Sun Quan 15 years old Becomes the county magistrate: Xiao Lian,scholar,Follows the father and the elder brother goes on an expedition.

200年孙策死,孙权袭职,在张昭、周瑜等协助下,很快就稳定了局面。东汉王朝封他为征虏将军,兼领会稽太守。从此,他实际上成为江东统治者。
A.D.200 year "Sun Ce" dies, the Sun Quan Has inherited father's title, in assistance and so on under Zhang Zhao, Zhou Yu, has very quickly stabilized the aspect. The Eastern Han Dynasty dynasty seals him for to "Zheng Lu Jiang Jun", concurrently collar "Guiji Tai Shou". From this time on, he becomes the east of the lower reaches of the Changjiang river rulers in fact.

208年,孙权领导的东吴军事集团联合刘备集团于赤壁打败曹操军队,奠定了“天下三分”的局面。

A.D.208 years, Sun Quan leads the east Wu military bloc unites Liu Bei group Yu Chibi to defeat the Cao Cao army, has established "the world for three deuce" aspect.

213年正月,曹操再次亲率大军南侵,据《三国志》记载:“望权军,叹其齐肃,乃退,谓‘生子当如孙仲谋’”。
A.D.213 years in first lunar month, Cao Cao leads personally south the army to invade once more.

219年10月,击败驻守荆州地区的关羽军团,成功收复被刘备集团占据多年的战略要地,封闭了蜀国的东南出口。


222年,在吴蜀彝陵之战中,大败刘备亲自率领的复仇大军,使蜀国的精锐部队受到重创。此战役后,蜀国停止了与东吴争夺东南出口的战斗,两国的边境地区恢复和平。魏国立国后,向魏文帝曹丕称臣,被曹丕拜为吴王,受九锡。
A.D.22 years, in "Wu" "Shu" "Yi Ling" war of in the mausoleum, rout the revenge army which Liu Bei personally leads, cause the "Shu" the crack troops to receive the heavy losses. Southeast this campaign, the "Shu" stopped the fight which capture with east Wu exports, both countries frontier area restored peace. After the Wei found, professes allegiance to Wei Wen emperor Cao Pi, is done obeisance by Cao Pi is the Wu king,

229年称帝。孙权称帝后,设置农官,实行屯田,平定山越,设置郡县,促进了江南经济的发展。在此基础上,他又多次派人出海。
A.D.229 years proclaim oneself emperor. After Sun Quan proclaims oneself emperor, the establishment agriculture official, the implementation opens up wasteland, still mountain Viet Nam, establishes the prefectures and counties, promoted the Chiangnan economy development. In this foundation, he sends the person to go to sea many times.

230年,他派卫温等航行到达夷州(现今中国的台湾省)。
230 years, he sends navigation and so on Wei Wen to arrive Yi the state (Nowadays China's Taiwan Province).

242年,他又派聂友等航行到海南岛,加强了这里和大陆的联系。此外,他还派人到朝鲜、越南、柬埔寨和南洋群岛等地,共100多个国家,扩大了吴国的政治影响。在晚年的孙权“多嫌忌,果于杀戮”,使本已凸显的内部矛盾更加复杂化,其身后的吴国最终沦落为党争剧烈、暴政盛行的黑暗王朝。
A.D.242 years, he sends Nie You and so on to navigate Hainan Island, strengthened here and the mainland relation. In addition, he also sends the person to places such as North Korean, Vietnamese, Cambodian and southern coastal provinces archipelago, the altogether more than 100 countries, expanded the Wu Guo's political influence. "Dislikes the death anniversary in the old age grandson power, the fruit to slaughters",Causes the original internal contradications even more complication, it after death Wu country ends in for the factional strife is fierce the dark dynasty which, the tyranny is in vogue. .

252年4月,71岁的孙权因患风疾病死于建业宫中,称帝在位23年。葬于建业(今江苏南京)蒋陵,谥大皇帝,庙号太祖。
A.D.252 years in April, 71 year-old Sun Quanyin trouble wind illness dies of illness to sets up a business in the palace, proclaims oneself emperor reigns for 23 years. Buries to sets up a business (now Jiangsu Nanjing) the Jiang mausoleum, confer posthumous honours on "Emperor", temple number too ancestor.

和三国时代的其他第一代君主一样,孙权也很会用人,并且在纳谏方面作的更好,还会认真听取反面意见。同时也很有战略眼光。
Is same with three Kingdoms times other first generation of emperor, Sun Quan very can choose a person for a job, and is being receptive to admonition the aspect to do is better, but also can earnestly listen to the reverse side opinion. Simultaneously also very much has the strategic judgement

《三国志》记载大臣对孙权的评价: “提鲁肃于凡品,是其聪也;拔吕蒙于行陈,是其明也;获于禁而不害,是其仁也;取荆州而兵不血刃,是其智也;据三州虎视于天下,是其雄也;屈身于陛下,是其略也”,虽然难免溢美之辞,但概括的还算全面。

孙权接掌领导权之初,“以兄事瑜”,对周瑜信任重用。周瑜死后,对鲁肃、吕蒙、陆逊等将领都信任重用。

《三国志》记载孙权曾经说过:天下无粹白之狐,而有粹白之裘,众之所积也。……故能用众力,则无敌于天下矣;能用众智,则无畏于圣人矣。”

但是孙权在立国称帝以后,采取保守的态度,妄想凭借长江天险,与魏、蜀长久分治,对蜀国不断的北伐采取袖手旁观的态度。
After but Sun Quan in founds a nation proclaims oneself emperor, has the conservative manner, the delusion relies on the Yangtze River natural defenses, with Wei, the Suchuan long-time minute governs, has the manner to the Suchuan country unceasing Northern Expedition which stands by.

《三国志》记载孙策曾批评孙权:“举江东之众,决机于两陈之间,与天下争衡,卿不如我。举贤任能,各尽其心,以保江东,我不如卿”。最后他的保守政策导致魏国可以逐个击破,先灭蜀后灭吴。