Three Kingdoms
Guan Yu, 关羽(A.D.160—219) Shu蜀 Force Military Officer English Particular
 


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关羽(160—219年),字云长,本字长生,东汉时河东郡解县常平里人(今山西运城市常平乡常平村)。中国三国时期的最著名的人物,军事家、著名将领。被后来的统治者崇为“武圣”。
Guan Yu (160 – 219) was a military general under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period in ancient China. He played a significant role in the civil war that led to the collapse of the Han Dynasty and the establishment of the Kingdom of Shu, of which Liu Bei was the first emperor.

生平 story
神台上手握青龙偃月刀的关羽出生于平民家庭,他是最早加入刘备军事集团的领导成员之一。据史料记载,188年,关羽与刘备、张飞在涿县组织起了一支地方武装,加入东汉王朝镇压黄巾起义的战争。战争结束后,刘备建立了其军事集团的正规武装力量,关羽成为刘备的主要军事将领,任别部司马。
Guan Yu is born to the common people family, he is most early joins the Liu Bei military bloc to lead one of members. According to the historical data record, 188 years, Guan Yu and Liu Bei, Zhang Fei organized a local armed forces in Chohsien, joined the Eastern Han Dynasty dynasty to suppress the war which Huang Jin revolted. After the war ended, Liu Bei has established its military bloc's regular armed forces, closes the feather to become Liu Bei the main military military officer

200年,刘备集团被曹操集团击败,关羽投降曹操,曹操为了留关羽为己用,待以厚礼,任命关羽为偏将军,封汉寿亭侯。同年7月,关羽获悉刘备的音信后,离开曹操重新追随刘备。关羽先后参与了三国初期多次著名战役。
200 years, the Liu Bei group is defeated by the Cao Cao group, closes the feather to have the condition to surrender Cao Cao, Cao Cao in order to gather Guan Yu, bestows the generous gift, and appoints General Guan Yu, In the same year in July, after Guan Yu learned Liu Bei news, leaves Cao Cao reto follow Liu Bei. Guan Yu successively participated in three countries initial period many times famous campaign.

刘备集团进攻四川时,关羽留任襄阳太守,封荡寇将军,负责守卫蜀国的东南门户—荆州,与盟国吴国一起多次击退来自曹操集团的攻击。但于215年,蜀汉与吴国因边境地盘的纠纷导致关系恶化,两国的同盟关系破裂。219年刘备称汉中王后,封关羽为前将军,假节钺。
When the Liu Bei group attacks Sichuan, closes the feather to remain in office Xiangyang 太守, responsibly guards the Suchuan country's southeast gateway □Jing Zhou, many times repels together with the allied country Wu country from the Cao Cao group's attack. But in 215 years, 蜀汉 the frontier domain dispute causes the relations with Wu Guoyin to worsen, both countries union relates bursts. 219 year Liu Bei called Hanzhong queen, shuts down the feather for former general

219年10月,吴国趁关羽率军与魏军激战之际,偷袭其后方。关羽腹背受敌,在向四川撤退的途中遭魏、吴军队的追截打击,全军覆灭。同年12月,关羽与其长子关平(演义为其养子)被吴国将领马忠擒获后遇害。
219 years in October, Wu Guochen closes the feather commanding the army and when the Wei armed force fierce combat, the sneak attack closes behind the feather. Closes the feather to be attacked front and rear, in retreats to Sichuan on the way suffers Wei, the Wu army overtakes the attack, the whole army has been annihilated. In the same year in December, closes the feather if the eldest son 关平 (historical novel to bring up a son after it) is captured by Wu Guo military officer Ma Zhong is killed.

260年,蜀后主追谥关羽为壮缪侯。
260 years, after Suchuan host 追谥 Guan Yuwei Zhuang Miao marquis.

特征 关羽一生追随刘备南征北战,忠心耿耿,以忠贞、守义、勇猛和武艺高强称著。 《三国志》称赞关羽“威震华夏”、“不避艰险,随其周旋”、“善待士卒”、“为万人敌、当世虎臣”;但也批评他“刚而自矜”、“骄于士大夫”。一般认为,他的骄傲性格在他的事业高峰之际达到了顶点,导致了他的兵败麦城,为敌擒杀的悲惨下场。 历史小说《三国演义》描写了关羽的许多英雄事迹,如“温酒斩华雄”、“过五关斩六将”、“千里走单骑”、“单刀赴会”、“刮骨疗毒”等。

武圣 关羽忠、义、勇、武的种种品格操守,为中国历代封建王朝的统治者所倡导。所以在各个历史时期,皇帝们都不约而同的为关羽追谥各种封号。被尊为“武圣”,与“文圣”孔子并称。甚至直到今日,商贾景仰其忠信之心,大多与以奉祀,并尊称“关圣帝君”。在港、澳地区不少人包括警察均遵从拜关公的风俗。 中国各地都有不少关帝庙,以及命名自关羽的地名。